Ear, Nose, & Throat

Ear, Nose, & Throat

Ear, nose, and throat devices are medical devices, tools, and accessories used in the care and treatment of patients. The FDA regulates these devices under CFR Title 21 Part 874, and the devices are categorized into four subparts.

ENT Diagnostic Devices

ENT Diagnostic Devices

Audiometer.

§874.1050
Audiometer.
Identification. An audiometer or automated audiometer is an electroacoustic device that produces controlled levels of test tones and signals intended for use in conducting diagnostic hearing evaluations and assisting in the diagnosis of possible otologic disorders.
Classification. Class II. Except for the otoacoustic emission device, the device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter, if it is in compliance with American National Standard Institute S3.6-1996, Specification for Audiometers, and subject to the limitations in 874.9.

Acoustic chamber for audiometric testing.

§874.1060
Acoustic chamber for audiometric testing.
Identification. An acoustic chamber for audiometric testing is a room that is intended for use in conducting diagnostic hearing evaluations and that eliminates sound reflections and provides isolation from outside sounds.
Classification. Class I (general controls). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to the limitations in 874.9.

Short increment sensitivity index (SISI) adapter.

§874.1070
Short increment sensitivity index (SISI) adapter.
Identification. A short increment sensitivity index (SISI) adapter is a device used with an audiometer in diagnostic hearing evaluations. A SISI adapter provides short periodic sound pulses in specific small decibel increments that are intended to be superimposed on the audiometer's output tone frequency.
Classification. Class I (general controls). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to 874.9.

Audiometer calibration set.

§874.1080
Audiometer calibration set.
Identification. An audiometer calibration set is an electronic reference device that is intended to calibrate an audiometer. It measures the sound frequency and intensity characteristics that emanate from an audiometer earphone. The device consists of an acoustic cavity of known volume, a sound level meter, a microphone with calibration traceable to the National Bureau of Standards, oscillators, frequency counters, microphone amplifiers, and a recorder. The device can measure selected audiometer test frequencies at a given intensity level, and selectable audiometer attenuation settings at a given test frequency.
Classification. Class I (general controls). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to the limitations in 874.9.

Auditory impedance tester.

§874.1090
Auditory impedance tester.
Identification. An auditory impedance tester is a device that is intended to change the air pressure in the external auditory canal and measure and graph the mobility characteristics of the tympanic membrane to evaluate the functional condition of the middle ear. The device is used to determine abnormalities in the mobility of the tympanic membrane due to stiffness, flaccidity, or the presence of fluid in the middle ear cavity. The device is also used to measure the acoustic reflex threshold from contractions of the stapedial muscle, to monitor healing of tympanic membrane grafts or stapedectomies, or to monitor followup treatment for inflammation of the middle ear.
Classification. Class II.

Earphone cushion for audiometric testing.

§874.1100
Earphone cushion for audiometric testing.
Identification. An earphone cushion for audiometric testing is a device that is used to cover an audiometer earphone during audiometric testing to provide an acoustic coupling (sound connection path) between the audiometer earphone and the patient's ear.
Classification. Class I (general controls). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to 874.9.

Electronic noise generator for audiometric testing.

§874.1120
Electronic noise generator for audiometric testing.
Identification. An electronic noise generator for audiometric testing is a device that consists of a swept frequency generator, an amplifier, and an earphone. It is intended to introduce a masking noise into the non-test ear during an audiometric evaluation. The device minimizes the non-test ear's sensing of test tones and signals being generated for the ear being tested.
Classification. Class II.

Electroglottograph.

§874.1325
Electroglottograph.
Identification. An electroglottograph is an AC-powered device that employs a pair of electrodes that are placed in contact with the skin on both sides of the larynx and held in place by a collar. It is intended to measure the electrical impedance of the larynx to aid in assessing the degree of closure of the vocal cords, confirm larygeal diagnosis, aid behavioral treatment of voice disorders, and aid research concerning the laryngeal mechanism.
Classification. Class II.

Gustometer.

§874.1500
Gustometer.
Identification. A gustometer is a battery-powered device that consists of two electrodes that are intended to be placed on both sides of the tongue at different taste centers and that provides a galvanic stimulus resulting in taste sensation. It is used for assessing the sense of taste.
Classification. Class I (general controls). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to 874.9. If the device is not labeled or otherwise represented as sterile, it is exempt from the current good manufacturing practice requirements of the quality system regulation in part 820 of this chapter, with the exception of 820.180 of this chapter, with respect to general requirements concerning records, and 820.198 of this chapter, with respect to complaint files.

Olfactory test device.

§874.1600
Olfactory test device.
Identification. An olfactory test device is used to determine whether an olfactory loss is present. The device includes one or more odorants that are presented to the patient's nose to subjectively assess the patient's ability to perceive odors.
Classification. Class II (special controls). The special control for these devices is the FDA guidance document entitled Class II Special Controls Guidance Document: Olfactory Test Device. For the availability of this guidance document, see 874.1(e). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to the limitations in 874.9. When indicated for the screening or diagnosis of diseases or conditions other than the loss of olfactory function, the device is not exempt from premarket notification procedures.

Air or water caloric stimulator.

§874.1800
Air or water caloric stimulator.
Identification. An air or water caloric stimulator is a device that delivers a stream of air or water to the ear canal at controlled rates of flow and temperature and that is intended for vestibular function testing of a patient's body balance system. The vestibular stimulation of the semicircular canals produce involuntary eye movements that are measured and recorded by a nystagmograph.
Classification. Class I (general controls). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to 874.9.

Surgical nerve stimulator/locator.

§874.1820
Surgical nerve stimulator/locator.
Identification. A surgical nerve stimulator/locator is a device that is intended to provide electrical stimulation to the body to locate and identify nerves and to test their excitability.
Classification. Class II.

Toynbee diagnostic tube.

§874.1925
Toynbee diagnostic tube.
Identification. The toynbee diagnostic tube is a listening device intended to determine the degree of openness of the eustachian tube.
Classification. Class I (general controls). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to 874.9.

ENT Prosthetic Devices

ENT Prosthetic Devices

Hearing Aid.

§874.3300
Hearing Aid.
Identification. A hearing aid is wearable sound-amplifying device that is intended to compensate for impaired hearing. This generic type of device includes the air-conduction hearing aid and the bone-conduction hearing aid, but excludes the group hearing aid or group auditory trainer (874.3320), master hearing aid (874.3330), and tinnitus masker (874.3400).
Classification. (1) Class I (general controls) for the air-conduction hearing aid. The air-conduction hearing aid is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to 874.9. (2) Class II for the bone-conduction hearing aid.

Wireless air-conduction hearing aid.

§874.3305
Wireless air-conduction hearing aid.
Identification. A wireless air-conduction hearing aid is a wearable sound-amplifying device, intended to compensate for impaired hearing that incorporates wireless technology in its programming or use.
Classification: Class II (special controls). The special controls for this device are: (1) Appropriate analysis/testing should validate electro magnetic compatibility (EMC) and safety of exposure to non-ionizing radiation; (2) Design, description, and performance data should validate wireless technology functions; and (3) Labeling should specify appropriate instructions, warnings, and information relating to EMC and wireless technology and human exposure to non-ionizing radiation.

Hearing aid calibrator and analysis system.

§874.3310
Hearing aid calibrator and analysis system.
Identification. A hearing aid calibrator and analysis system is an electronic reference device intended to calibrate and assess the electroacoustic frequency and sound intensity characteristics emanating from a hearing aid, master hearing aid, group hearing aid or group auditory trainer. The device consists of an acoustic complex of known cavity volume, a sound level meter, a microphone, oscillators, frequency counters, microphone amplifiers, a distoration analyzer, a chart recorder, and a hearing aid test box.
Classification. Class II.

Tympanic membrane contact hearing aid.

§874.3315
Tympanic membrane contact hearing aid.
Identification. A tympanic membrane contact hearing aid is a prescription device that compensates for impaired hearing. Amplified sound is transmitted by vibrating the tympanic membrane through a transducer that is in direct contact with the tympanic membrane.
Classification. Class II (special controls). The special controls for this device are: (1) The patient contacting components must be demonstrated to be biocompatible. (2) Non-clinical performance testing must demonstrate that the device performs as intended under anticipated conditions of use, and must include: (i) Mechanical integrity testing; (ii) Electrical and thermal safety testing; (iii) Software verification, validation, and hazard analysis; (iv) Reliability testing consistent with expected device life; (v) Electromagnetic compatibility testing; and (vi) Validation testing of device output and mechanical force applied to the tympanic membrane in a clinically appropriate model. (3) Clinical performance testing must characterize any adverse events observed during clinical use, and demonstrate that the device performs as intended under anticipated conditions of use. (4) Professional training must include the ear impression procedure, correct placement, fitting, monitoring, care, and maintenance of the device. (5) Labeling must include the following: (i) A detailed summary of the adverse events and effectiveness outcomes from the clinical performance testing; (ii) Detailed instructions on how to fit the device to the patient; (iii) Instructions for periodic cleaning of any reusable components; (iv) Information related to electromagnetic compatibility; and (v) Patient labeling that includes: (A) A patient card that identifies if a patient has been fitted with any non-self- removable components of the device and provides relevant information in cases of emergency; (B) Information on how to correctly use and maintain the device; (C) The potential risks and benefits associated with the use of the device; and (D) Alternative treatments.

Group hearing aid or group auditory trainer.

§874.3320
Group hearing aid or group auditory trainer.
Identification. A group hearing aid or group auditory trainer is a hearing aid that is intended for use in communicating simultaneously with one or more listeners having hearing impairment. The device is used with an associated transmitter microphone. It may be either monaural or binaural, and it provides coupling to the ear through either earphones or earmolds. The generic type of device includes three types of applications: hardwire systems, inductance loop systems, and wireless systems.
Classification. Class II.

Master hearing aid.

§874.3330
Master hearing aid.
Identification. A master hearing aid is an electronic device intended to simulate a hearing aid during audiometric testing. It has adjustable acoustic output levels, such as those for gain, output, and frequency response. The device is used to select and adjust a person's wearable hearing aid.
Classification. Class II.

Battery-powered artificial larynx.

§874.3375
Battery-powered artificial larynx.
Identification. A battery-powered artificial larynx is an externally applied device intended for use in the absence of the larynx to produce sound. When held against the skin in the area of the voicebox, the device generates mechanical vibrations which resonate in the oral and nasal cavities and can be modulated by the tongue and lips in a normal manner, thereby allowing the production of speech.
Classification. Class I (general controls). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to the limitations in 874.9.

Tinnitus masker.

§874.3400
Tinnitus masker.
Identification. A tinnitus masker is an electronic device intended to generate noise of sufficient intensity and bandwidth to mask ringing in the ears or internal head noises. Because the device is able to mask internal noises, it is also used as an aid in hearing external noises and speech.
Classification. Class II. The special control for this device is patient labeling regarding: (1) Hearing health care professional diagnosis, fitting of the device, and followup care, (2) Risks, (3) Benefits, (4) Warnings for safe use, and (5) Specifications.

Middle ear mold.

§874.3430
Middle ear mold.
Identification. A middle ear mold is a preformed device that is intended to be implanted to reconstruct the middle ear cavity during repair of the tympanic membrane. The device permits an ample air-filled cavity to be maintained in the middle ear and promotes regeneration of the mucous membrane lining of the middle ear cavity. A middle ear mold is made of materials such as polyamide, polytetrafluoroethylene, silicone elastomer, or polyethylene, but does not contain porous polyethylene.
Classification. Class II.

Partial ossicular replacement prosthesis.

§874.3450
Partial ossicular replacement prosthesis.
Identification. A partial ossicular replacement prosthesis is a device intended to be implanted for the functional reconstruction of segments of the ossicular chain and facilitates the conduction of sound wave from the tympanic membrane to the inner ear. The device is made of materials such as stainless steel, tantalum, polytetrafluoroethylene, polyethylene, polytetrafluoroethylene with carbon fibers composite, absorbable gelatin material, porous polyethylene, or from a combination of these materials.
Classification. Class II.

Total ossicular replacement prosthesis.

§874.3495
Total ossicular replacement prosthesis.
Identification. A total ossicular replacement prosthesis is a device intended to be implanted for the total functional reconstruction of the ossicular chain and facilitates the conduction of sound waves from the tympanic membrance to the inner ear. The device is made of materials such as polytetrafluoroethylene, polytetrafluoroethylene with vitreous carbon fibers composite, porous polyethylene, or from a combination of these materials.
Classification. Class II.

Prosthesis modification instrument for ossicular replacement surgery.

§874.3540
Prosthesis modification instrument for ossicular replacement surgery.
Identification. A prosthesis modification instrument for ossicular replacement surgery is a device intended for use by a surgeon to construct ossicular replacements. This generic type of device includes the ear, nose, and throat cutting block; wire crimper, wire bending die; wire closure forceps; piston cutting jib; gelfoamTM punch; wire cutting scissors; and ossicular finger vise.
Classification. Class I (general controls). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to 874.9. If the device is not labeled or otherwise represented as sterile, it is exempt from the current good manufacturing practice requirements of the quality system regulation in part 820 of this chapter, with the exception of 820.180 of this chapter, with respect to general requirements concerning records, and 820.198 of this chapter, with respect to complaint files.

Ear, nose, and throat synthetic polymer material.

§874.3620
Ear, nose, and throat synthetic polymer material.
Identification. Ear, nose, and throat synthetic polymer material is a device material that is intended to be implanted for use as a space-occupying substance in the reconstructive surgery of the head and neck. The device is used, for example, in augmentation rhinoplasty and in tissue defect closures in the esophagus. The device is shaped and formed by the suregon to conform to the patient's needs. This generic type of device is made of material such as polyamide mesh or foil and porous polyethylene.
Classification. Class II.

Mandibular implant facial prosthesis.

§874.3695
Mandibular implant facial prosthesis.
Identification. A mandibular implant facial prosthesis is a device that is intended to be implanted for use in the functional reconstruction of mandibular deficits. The device is made of materials such as stainless steel, tantalum, titanium, cobalt-chromium based alloy, polytetrafluoroethylene, silicone elastomer, polyethylene, polyurethane, or polytetrafluoroethylene with carbon fibers composite.
Classification. Class II.

Laryngeal prosthesis (Taub design).

§874.3730
Laryngeal prosthesis (Taub design).
Identification. A laryngeal prosthesis (Taub design) is a device intended to direct pulmonary air flow to the pharynx in the absence of the larynx, thereby permitting esophageal speech. The device is interposed between openings in the trachea and the esophagus and may be removed and replaced each day by the patient. During phonation, air from the lungs is directed to flow through the device and over the esophageal mucosa to provide a sound source that is articulated as speech.
Classification. Class II.

Sacculotomy tack (Cody tack)

§874.3760
Sacculotomy tack (Cody tack)
Identification. A sacculotomy tack (Cody tack) is a device that consists of a pointed stainless steel tack intended to be implanted to relieve the symptoms of vertigo. The device repetitively ruptures the utricular membrane as the membrane expands under increased endolymphatic pressure.
Classification. Class II.

Endolymphatic shunt.

§874.3820
Endolymphatic shunt.
Identification. An endolymphatic shunt is a device that consists of a tube or sheet intended to be implanted to relieve the symptons of vertigo. The device permits the unrestricted flow of excess endolymph from the distended end of the endolymphatic system into the mastoid cavity where resorption occurs. This device is made of polytetrafluoroethylene or silicone elastomer.
Classification. Class II.

Endolymphatic shunt tube with valve.

§874.3850
Endolymphatic shunt tube with valve.
Identification. An endolymphatic shunt tube with valve is a device that consists of a pressure-limiting valve associated with a tube intended to be implanted in the inner ear to relieve symptoms of vertigo and hearing loss due to endolymphatic hydrops (increase in endolymphatic fluid) of Meniere's disease.
Classification. Class II (special controls). The special control for this device is the FDA guidance document Class II Special Controls Guidance Document: Endolymphatic Shunt Tube With Valve; Guidance for Industry and FDA.

Tympanostomy tube.

§874.3880
Tympanostomy tube.
Identification. A tympanostomy tube is a device that is intended to be implanted for ventilation or drainage of the middle ear. The device is inserted through the tympanic membrane to permit a free exchange of air between the outer ear and middle ear. A type of tympanostomy tube known as the malleous clip tube attaches to the malleous to provide middle ear ventilation. The device is made of materials such as polytetrafluoroethylene, polyethylene, silicon elastomer, or porous polyethylene.
Classification. Class II.

Nasal dilator.

§874.3900
Nasal dilator.
Identification. A nasal dilator is a device intended to provide temporary relief from transient causes of breathing difficulties resulting from structural abnormalities and/or transient causes of nasal congestion associated with reduced nasal airflow. The device decreases airway resistance and increases nasal airflow. The external nasal dilator is constructed from one or more layers of material upon which a spring material is attached, with a skin adhesive applied to adhere to the skin of the nose; it acts with a pulling action to open the nares. The internal nasal dilator is constructed from metal or plastic and is placed inside the nostrils; it acts by pushing the nostrils open or by gently pressing on the columella.
Classification. Class I (general controls). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to the limitations in 874.9.

Tympanostomy tube with semipermeable membrane.

§874.3930
Tympanostomy tube with semipermeable membrane.
Identification. A tympanostomy tube with a semipermeable membrane is a device intended to be implanted for ventilation or drainage of the middle ear and for preventing fluids from entering the middle ear cavity. The device is inserted through the tympanic membrane to permit a free exchange of air between the outer ear and middle ear. The tube portion of the device is made of silicone elastomer or porous polyethylene, and the membrane portion is made of polytetrafluoroethylene.
Classification. Class II. The special control for this device is FDA's Tympanostomy Tubes, Submission Guidance for a 510(k).

Transcutaneous air conduction hearing aid system.

§874.3950
Transcutaneous air conduction hearing aid system.
Identification. A transcutaneous air conduction hearing aid system is a wearable sound-amplifying device intended to compensate for impaired hearing without occluding the ear canal. The device consists of an air conduction hearing aid attached to a surgically fitted tube system, which is placed through soft tissue between the post auricular region and the outer ear canal.
Classification. Class II (special controls). The special control for this device is FDA's guidance document entitled Class II Special Controls Guidance Document: Transcutaneous Air Conduction Hearing Aid System (TACHAS); Guidance for Industry and FDA. See 874.1 for the availability of this guidance document.

ENT Surgical Devices

ENT Surgical Devices

Epistaxis balloon.

§874.4100
Epistaxis balloon.
Identification. An epistaxis balloon is a device consisting of an inflatable balloon intended to control internal nasal bleeding by exerting pressure against the sphenopalatine artery.
Classification Class I (general controls). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to 874.9.

Ear, nose, and throat bur.

§874.4140
Ear, nose, and throat bur.
Identification. An ear, nose, and throat bur is a device consisting of an interchangeable drill bit that is intended for use in an ear, nose, and throat electric or pneumatic surgical drill (874.4250) for incising or removing bone in the ear, nose, or throat area. The bur consists of a carbide cutting tip on a metal shank or a coating of diamond on a metal shank. The device is used in mastoid surgery, frontal sinus surgery, and surgery of the facial nerves.
Classification. Class I (general controls). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to the limitations in 874.9.

Nasopharyngeal catheter.

§874.4175
Nasopharyngeal catheter.
Identification. A nasopharyngeal catheter is a device consisting of a bougie or filiform catheter that is intended for use in probing or dilating the eustachian tube. This generic type of device includes eustachian catheters.
Classification. Class I (general controls). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to the limitations in 874.9.

Eustachian tube balloon dilation system.

§874.4180
Eustachian tube balloon dilation system.
Identification. A Eustachian tube balloon dilation system is a prescription device that includes a flexible catheter attached to an inflatable balloon. The system is intended for use in dilating the cartilaginous portion of the Eustachian tube for treating persistent Eustachian tube dysfunction.
Classification. Class II (special controls). The special controls for this device are: (1) Non-clinical performance testing must demonstrate that the device performs as intended under anticipated conditions of use. The following performance characteristics must be evaluated: (i) Mechanical testing, including tensile and flexural testing of catheter joints and materials. (ii) Durability testing, including fatigue and burst pressure testing of the balloon materials and components. (iii) Inflation and deflation characterization testing, including time and pressure measurements, and leak testing of the balloon. (iv) Verification testing of safety features built into the device must be performed, including the characterization of catheter geometries and distal tip insertion limitation mechanisms. (2) Simulated use testing in a clinically relevant model must demonstrate the reliability of the device to remain mechanically functional throughout the anticipated conditions of use, and validate that the design features limit access to only the cartilaginous portion of the Eustachian tube. (3) The patient-contacting components of the device must be demonstrated to be biocompatible. (4) Performance data must demonstrate the sterility of the device. (5) Performance data must support shelf life by demonstrating continued sterility of the device, package integrity, and device functionality over the identified shelf life. (6) Training must include simulated use on cadavers to ensure users can follow the instructions for use to allow safe use of the device. (7) Labeling must include: (i) Detailed instructions for use. (ii) A detailed summary of the device technical parameters, including maximum allowed inflation pressure, allowable catheter geometries, and available balloon sizes. (iii) A shelf life.

Ear, nose, and throat electric or pneumatic surgical drill.

§874.4250
Ear, nose, and throat electric or pneumatic surgical drill.
Identification. An ear, nose, and throat electric or pneumatic surgical drill is a rotating drilling device, including the handpiece, that is intended to drive various accessories, such as an ear, nose, and throat bur (874.4140), for the controlled incision or removal of bone in the ear, nose, and throat area.
Classification. Class II.

Ear, nose, and throat fiberoptic light source and carrier.

§874.4350
Ear, nose, and throat fiberoptic light source and carrier.
Identification. An ear, nose, and throat fiberoptic light source and carrier is an AC-powered device that generates and transmits light through glass of plastic fibers and that is intended to provide illumination at the tip of an ear, nose, or throat endoscope. Endoscopic devices which utilize fiberoptic light sources and carriers include the bronchoscope, esophagoscope, laryngoscope, mediastinoscope, laryngeal-bronchial telescope, and nasopharyngoscope.
Classification. Class I (general controls). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to the limitations in 874.9.

Ear, nose, and throat manual surgical instrument.

§874.4420
Ear, nose, and throat manual surgical instrument.
Identification. An ear, nose, and throat manual surgical instrument is one of a variety of devices intended for use in surgical procedures to examine or treat the bronchus, esophagus, trachea, larynx, pharynx, nasal and paranasal sinus, or ear. This generic type of device includes the esophageal dilator; tracheal bistour (a long, narrow surgical knife); tracheal dilator; tracheal hook; laryngeal injection set; laryngeal knife; laryngeal saw; laryngeal trocar; laryngectomy tube; adenoid curette; adenotome; metal tongue depressor; mouth gag; oral screw; salpingeal curette; tonsillectome; tonsil guillotine; tonsil screw; tonsil snare; tonsil suction tube; tonsil suturing hook; antom reforator; ethmoid curette; frontal sinus-rasp; nasal curette; nasal rasp; nasal rongeur; nasal saw; nasal scissors; nasal snare; sinus irrigator; sinus trephine; ear curette; ear excavator; ear rasp; ear scissor, ear snare; ear spoon; ear suction tube; malleous ripper; mastoid gauge; microsurgical ear chisel; myringotomy tube inserter; ossici holding clamp; sacculotomy tack inserter; vein press; wire ear loop; microrule; mirror; mobilizer; ear, nose, and throat punch; ear, nose and throat knife; and ear, nose, and throat trocar.
Classification Class I (general controls). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to 874.9.

Argon laser for otology, rhinology, and laryngology.

§874.4490
Argon laser for otology, rhinology, and laryngology.
Identification. The argon laser device for use in otology, rhinology, and laryngology is an electro-optical device which produces coherent, electromagnetic radiation with principal wavelength peaks of 488 and 514 nanometers. In otology, the device is used for the purpose of coagulating and vaporizing soft and fibrous tissues, including osseous tissue. In rhinology and laryngology, the device is used to coagulate and vaporize soft and fibrous tissues, but not including osseous tissues.
Classification. Class II.

Ear, nose, and throat microsurgical carbon dioxide laser.

§874.4500
Ear, nose, and throat microsurgical carbon dioxide laser.
Identification. An ear, nose, and throat microsurgical carbon dioxide laser is a device intended for the surgical excision of tissue from the ear, nose, and throat area. The device is used, for example, in microsurgical procedures to excise lesions and tumors of the vocal cords and adjacent areas.
Classification. Class II.

Bronchoscope (flexible or rigid) and accessories.

§874.4680
Bronchoscope (flexible or rigid) and accessories.
Identification. A bronchoscope (flexible or rigid) and accessories is a tubular endoscopic device with any of a group of accessory devices which attach to the bronchoscope and is intended to examine or treat the larynx and tracheobronchial tree. It is typically used with a fiberoptic light source and carrier to provide illumination. The device is made of materials such as stainless steel or flexible plastic. This generic type of device includes the rigid ventilating bronchoscope, rigid nonventilating bronchoscope, nonrigid bronchoscope, laryngeal-bronchial telescope, flexible foreign body claw, bronchoscope tubing, flexible biopsy forceps, rigid biopsy curette, flexible biopsy brush, rigid biopsy forceps, flexible biopsy curette, and rigid bronchoscope aspirating tube, but excludes the fiberoptic light source and carrier.
Classification. Class II.

Esophagoscope (flexible or rigid) and accessories.

§874.4710
Esophagoscope (flexible or rigid) and accessories.
Identification. An esophagoscope (flexible or rigid) and accessories is a tubular endoscopic device with any of a group of accessory devices which attach to the esophagoscope and is intended to examine or treat esophageal malfunction symptoms, esophageal or mediastinal disease, or to remove foreign bodies from the esophagus. When inserted, the device extends from the area of the hypopharynx to the stomach. It is typically used with a fiberoptic light source and carrier to provide illumination. The device is made of materials such as stainless steel or flexible plastic. This generic type of device includes the flexible foreign body claw, flexible biopsy forceps, rigid biopsy curette, flexible biopsy brush, rigid biopsy forceps and flexible biopsy curette, but excludes the fiberoptic light source and carrier.
Classification. Class II.

Mediastinoscope and accessories.

§874.4720
Mediastinoscope and accessories.
Identification. A mediastinoscope and accessories is a tubular tapered electrical endoscopic device with any of a group of accessory devices which attach to the mediastinoscope and is intended to examine or treat tissue in the area separating the lungs. The device is inserted transthoracicly and is used in diagnosis of tumors and lesions and to determine whether excision of certain organs or tissues is indicated. It is typically used with a fiberoptic light source and carrier to provide illumination. The device is made of materials such as stainless steel. This generic type of device includes the flexible foreign body claw, flexible biopsy forceps, rigid biopsy curette, flexible biopsy brush, rigid biopsy forceps, and flexible biopsy curette, but excludes the fiberoptic light source and carrier.
Classification. Class II.

Laryngostroboscope.

§874.4750
Laryngostroboscope.
Identification. A laryngostroboscope is a device that is intended to allow observation of glottic action during phonation. The device operates by focusing a stroboscopic light through a lens for direct or mirror reflected viewing of glottic action. The light and microphone that amplifies acoustic signals from the glottic area may or may not contact the patient.
Classification. Class I (general controls). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to the limitations in 874.9.

Nasopharyngoscope (flexible or rigid) and accessories.

§874.4760
Nasopharyngoscope (flexible or rigid) and accessories.
Identification. A nasopharyngoscope (flexible or rigid) and accessories is a tubular endoscopic device with any of a group of accessory devices which attach to the nasopharyngoscope and is intended to examine or treat the nasal cavity and nasal pharynx. It is typically used with a fiberoptic light source and carrier to provide illumination. The device is made of materials such as stainless steel and flexible plastic. This generic type of device includes the antroscope, nasopharyngolaryngoscope, nasosinuscope, nasoscope, postrhinoscope, rhinoscope, salpingoscope, flexible foreign body claw, flexible biopsy forceps, rigid biopsy curette, flexible biospy brush, rigid biopsy forceps and flexible biopsy curette, but excludes the fiberoptic light source and carrier.
Classification. Class II.

Otoscope.

§874.4770
Otoscope.
Identification. An otoscope is a device intended to allow inspection of the external ear canal and tympanic membrane under magnification. The device provides illumination of the ear canal for observation by using an AC- or battery-powered light source and an optical magnifying system.
Classification. Class I (general controls). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to the limitations in 874.9 only when used in the external ear canal.

Intranasal splint.

§874.4780
Intranasal splint.
Identification. An intranasal splint is intended to minimize bleeding and edema and to prevent adhesions between the septum and the nasal cavity. It is placed in the nasal cavity after surgery or trauma. The intranasal splint is constructed from plastic, silicone, or absorbent material.
Classification. Class I (general controls). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to the limitations in 874.9.

Bone particle collector.

§874.4800
Bone particle collector.
Identification. A bone particle collector is a filtering device intended to be inserted into a suction tube during the early stages of otologic surgery to collect bone particles for future use.
Classification. Class I (general controls). The device is exempt from premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to the limitations in 874.9.

ENT Therapeutic Devices

ENT Therapeutic Devices

Ear, nose, and throat drug administration device.

§874.5220
Ear, nose, and throat drug administration device.
Identification. An ear, nose, and throat drug administration device is one of a group of ear, nose, and throat devices intended specifically to administer medicinal substances to treat ear, nose, and throat disorders. These instruments include the powder blower, dropper, ear wick, manual nebulizer pump, and nasal inhaler.
Classification. Class I (general controls). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to the limitations in 874.9. If the device is not labeled or otherwise represented as sterile, it is exempt from the current good manufacturing practice requirements of the quality system regulation in part 820 of this chapter, with the exception of 820.180, with respect to general requirements concerning records, and 820.198, with respect to complaint files.

Ear, nose, and throat examination and treatment unit.

§874.5300
Ear, nose, and throat examination and treatment unit.
Identification. An ear, nose, and throat examination and treatment unit is an AC-powered device intended to support a patient during an otologic examination while providing specialized features for examination and treatment. The unit consists of a patient chair and table, drawers for equipment, suction and blowing apparatus, and receptacles for connection of specialized lights and examining instruments.
Classification. Class I (general controls). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to 874.9.

Suction antichoke device.

§874.5350
Suction antichoke device.
Identification. A suction antichoke device is a device intended to be used in an emergency situation to remove, by the application of suction, foreign objects that obstruct a patient's airway to prevent asphyxiation to the patient.
Classification. Class III.

Tongs antichoke device.

§874.5370
Tongs antichoke device.
Identification. A tongs antichoke device is a device that is intended to be used in an emergency situation to grasp and remove foreign objects that obstruct a patient's airway to prevent asphyxiation of the patient. This generic type of device includes a plastic instrument with serrated ends that is inserted into the airway in a blind manner to grasp and extract foreign objects, and a stainless steel forceps with spoon ends that is inserted under tactile guidance to grasp and extract foreign objects from the airway.
Classification. Class III.

Powered nasal irrigator.

§874.5550
Powered nasal irrigator.
Identification. A powered nasal irrigator is an AC-powered device intended to wash the nasal cavity by means of a pressure-controlled pulsating stream of water. The device consists of a control unit and pump connected to a spray tube and nozzle.
Classification. Class I (general controls). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to 874.9.

External nasal splint.

§874.5800
External nasal splint.
Identification. An external nasal splint is a rigid or partially rigid device intended for use externally for immobilization of parts of the nose.
Classification. Class I (general controls). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to the limitations in 874.9.

Antistammering device.

§874.5840
Antistammering device.
Identification. An antistammering device is a device that electronically generates a noise when activated or when it senses the user's speech and that is intended to prevent the user from hearing the sounds of his or her own voice. The device is used to minimize a user's involuntary hesitative or repetitive speech.
Classification. Class I (general controls). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to 874.9.

External upper esophageal sphincter compression device.

§874.5900
External upper esophageal sphincter compression device.
Identification. An external upper esophageal sphincter compression device is a prescription device used to apply external pressure on the cricoid cartilage for the purpose of reducing the symptoms of laryngopharyngeal reflux disease.
Classification. Class II (special controls). The special controls for this device are: (1) The patient contacting components must be demonstrated to be biocompatible. (2) Non-clinical performance testing must demonstrate that the device performs as intended under anticipated conditions of use. The following performance characteristics must be demonstrated: (i) Mechanical integrity testing (e.g., tensile strength testing, fatigue testing) and (ii) Shelf life testing. (3) The technical specifications must include pressure measurement accuracy to characterize device performance. (4) Clinical performance testing must document any adverse events observed during clinical use, and demonstrate that the device performs as intended under anticipated conditions of use. (5) Labeling must include the following: (i) Appropriate warnings and precautions, (ii) A detailed summary of the clinical testing pertinent to use of the device including a detailed summary of the device-related complications or adverse events, (iii) Detailed instructions on how to fit the device to the patient, and (iv) Instructions for reprocessing of any reusable components. (6) Patient labeling must be provided and must include: (i) Relevant warnings, precautions, and adverse effects/complications, (ii) Information on how to correctly wear the device, (iii) The potential risks and benefits associated with the use of the device, (iv) Alternative treatments, and (v) Reprocessing instructions.